ein hund aus dem internet

Anzeigen und Inserate mit Hundeangeboten erscheinen zu Tausenden im Internet – aber auch in Zeitschriften und an Pinnwänden von Zoofachgeschäften findet man zahlreiche Kaufangebote. Viele Inserate – insbesondere solche aus dem Internet – sind allerdings nicht seriös und verleiten zum Kauf eines Hundes aus illegalem Welpenhandel, der mit unvorstellbarem Tierleid ein Vermögen verdient.

Häufig werden die Welpen aus dem Kofferraum an Raststätten und gut frequentierten Parkplätzen im grenznahen Ausland übergeben und dann von den neuen Besitzerinnen und Besitzern oder Überbringenden ohne Überprüfung der Begleitdokumente und ohne Verzollung illegal importiert. Es kommt auch vor, dass in der Schweiz wohnhafte Personen als Zwischenhändlerinnen und Zwischenhändler auftreten.

Da die Herkunft dieser Hunde oft unbekannt ist, besteht das Risiko, einen mit Tollwut infizierten Hund zu kaufen. Tollwut ist vom Tier auf den Menschen übertragbar und verläuft ohne Behandlung immer tödlich.

Neben diesem Gesundheitsrisiko für Tier und Mensch gilt es auch zu bedenken, dass Welpen, welche von unseriösen Anbietern übers Internet angepriesen werden, meist aus Massenproduktionen stammen. Dort werden die Hunde unter furchtbaren Bedingungen produziert und – noch als von der Mutter abhängige Welpen – viel zu früh von ihren Müttern und Wurfgeschwistern getrennt, quer durch Europa transportiert und vielfach zu Billigpreisen angeboten und verkauft.

Durch die miserablen Aufzuchtbedingungen und die langen Transporte sind viele Hunde bereits bei der Übergabe krank und stark geschwächt. Die neuen Besitzer müssen oft mit hohen Tierarztkosten rechnen und manchmal auch den frühen Tod der Welpen miterleben. Hunde, die diese Strapazen überleben, bleiben in der Regel lebenslang krankheitsanfällig.

Manche Welpen sind wegen der frühen Trennung so schlecht sozialisiert, dass sie ihr ganzes Leben lang ängstlich, aggressiv oder hyperaktiv sind, unter Trennungsangst leiden und beispielsweise ständig bellen oder jaulen. Weil die Besitzerinnen und Besitzer mit dieser schwierigen Situation oft überfordert sind, werden einige Hunde später eingeschläfert oder im Tierheim abgegeben.

  • Weitere Informationen und Warnzeichen unseriöser Internetinserate finden Sie in den Merkblättern und Checklisten des Schweizer Tierschutzes STS unter www.tierschutz.com/hunde
  • Sie finden Musterkaufverträge auf der Webseite des Schweizer Tierschutzes STS unter www.tierschutz.com/hunde

zoo "fachhandel"

STS-Recherche

Zoofachhandel-Recherche 2015

Analog zur 2014 durchgeführten Recherche überprüfte der STS auch 2015 die Zoofachhandlungen und fokussierte sich dabei erstmals auf den Reptilienbereich. Ziel war es, herauszufinden, wie die Tiere im Verkauf gehalten werden und ob die Verkäuferinnen und Verkäufer kompetent über die Tierarten Auskunft geben können. Schweizweit wurden insgesamt 43 Zoofachhandlungen besucht, darunter 14 Qualipet-, vier Fressnapf- und zwei Hornbachfilialen sowie 23 eigenständige Geschäfte.

Ein in jedem Bereich vorbildlicher Tiershop wurde nicht angetroffen. Bei seinen Begutachtungen fand der STS sogar etliche Gesetzesverstösse, bei manchen Haltungsformen handelte es sich gar um offensichtliche Tierquälerei. So lag beispielsweise ein Goldhamster (ein Einzelgänger) angefressen und tot in einem winzigen, von Artgenossen überfüllten Terrarium.

In der Westschweiz schnitten die Zoofachhandlungen tendenziell schlechter ab. Vor allem im Kanton Waadt traf der STS bei Einzelzoofachhandlungen (Objectiv Reptiles, Reptiles Farm, Le Scalaire) einige problematische Zustände an. Besonders schlecht präsentierte sich das Le Scalaire. Auch im Kanton Jura fiel ein Geschäft negativ auf: Mikazoo in Delémont stellte den Tieren so gut wie keine Einrichtung zur Verfügung. In Fribourg zeigte sich das «Au petit Animal» in punkto Nager- und Ferientierhaltung als schlechtes Vorbild. Trotz mehrfacher Meldung bei dem zuständigen Veterinäramt zeigte sich die Haltung der Tiere in den Garden Centren Schiliger in Matran und Gland wie im Vorjahr in schlechtem Licht. Hier gab es Gesetzesverstösse bezüglich Mindestmasse, Einrichtung und Einzelhaltung von sozialen Tierarten. Im Kanton Neuenburg fiel die Tierhaltung im Aquamail negativ auf.

Wenig beispielhafte Zoofachhandlungen wurden aber auch in der Deutschschweiz vorgefunden: Beim Zoo Kakadu fiel die schlechte Haltung der Ferientiere (Vögel und Nager) negativ auf und diverse andere Geschäfte verstiessen vor allem in der Mindestbreite bei Reptilienterrarien gegen das Gesetz.

Auch dieses Jahr entdeckte der STS in der Anwendung verbotene, irreführend deklarierte und/oder tierquälerische Artikel im Sortiment. Die Beratungsqualität war vielen Zoofachhandlungen unzureichend und Informationsblätter über die verschiedenen Tierarten, welche zumindest beim Verkauf von Tieren gesetzlich vorgeschrieben sind, waren bei vielen Zoofachhandlungen offenbar nicht vorhanden oder die Zoofachgeschäfte waren nur gewillt, diese bei Verkauf eines Tieres herauszurücken.

Der STS fordert die betroffenen Geschäfte auf, Verbesserungen vorzunehmen: Das beinhaltet die Einhaltung der Gesetzgebung, die Wahrnehmung der Vorbildfunktion für zukünftige Heimtierhalter, eine genaue und korrekte Deklaration des Reptiliensortiments und eine bessere Schulung des Personals, um die Beratungsqualität zu steigern. Zudem sollen Zoofachgeschäften ihrer gesetzlichen Pflicht nachgehen und schriftlich Informationen über Tierarten abgeben können. Ebenfalls erwartet der STS, dass die kantonalen Veterinärämter die Zoofachhandlungen genauer prüfen und Verstösse konsequenter verfolgen.

carriage horses

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Stop Circus Suffering USA: 1 Introduction

An introduction to ADI’s “Stop Circus Suffering USA” Report.

... and then kicked in the face.

Animals in circuses belong in the past, to a time when humans were ignorant about the other species that share our planet. However, over the past one hundred years human understanding has grown – science can now tell us about the intelligence of other species, their means of communication, toolmaking, culture, family bonds and emotions. Psychological, behavioral and environmental studies have helped us understand their world. With this greater knowledge of the capacity for suffering in our fellow creatures who share this earth, it is no longer acceptable for us to abuse animals in circuses, just for our entertainment. It is not the behavior of a civilized, advanced society.

No one is saying ‘end circuses.’ Rather, let’s take animals out of circuses and let humans do the entertaining. This has economic benefits; ADI has found that as animal circuses close, the trend is that animal-free circuses replace them. The circus industry can still thrive and even increase overall attendance without the stigma of animal suffering.

ADI partner organizations have studied circuses all over the world. We observe how animals live, how they are trained, and importantly, the attitudes of the workers. We have gathered extensive observational data and videotape. Our studies have concluded that life for animals in circuses is one of deprivation and suffering – they are deprived of everything that makes their life fulfilling. Circus animals are taken away from their family groups, forced to do tricks that they do not want to do; forced to live in tiny, barren cages where they have to eat, sleep, and defecate all in the same space, or spend a large part of their day tied on short ropes. These animal care practices are common throughout the worldwide industry. In addition, circus animals are frequently kicked, punched, whipped and beaten to make them obey. Such treatment of defenseless animals degrades our society.

Some key findings from ADI’s studies of circus practices worldwide:

  • Horses and ponies spend up to 96 percent of their time tied with short ropes in stalls, or tethered to trailers. Time in the ring, allowing them to run, is limited.
  • Tigers and lions spend between 75 and 99 percent of their time in severely cramped cages on the backs of trailers. So called ‘exercise cages’, if used, add little more space, and time available to use them is limited.
  • Elephants spend 58 to 98 percent of their time chained by at least one leg, and generally both a front and hind leg. The circus norm is to chain elephants overnight, either in tents or trailers. Elephant enclosures with circuses are desperately inadequate, and the regime of chaining, being prepared for the show, performing and giving rides means time in them is very limited.
  • Animals in circuses suffer poor animal welfare and long, arduous journeys.
  • Extended periods being tied up, chained, or caged results in abnormal behaviors that indicate these animals are suffering as a result of the environmentally impoverished, inappropriate conditions in which they live.

It is therefore essential that consideration be given to legislation to prohibit the use of animals in traveling circuses.

Legislation should specifically outlaw violence during training. Current animal anticruelty laws will not prevent violence in training if different standards apply to performing animals.

Circus animals in the U.S. are vulnerable to abuse:

  • ADI’s studies of common training practices have shown that the public rehearsals frequently seen on the road are entirely different from the real training, where the animal learns its routine, which goes on in the permanent training center, behind closed doors.
  • Once animals have been ‘broken’ they will probably spend the rest of their lives plodding through variants of the same routine, including the moments when they to refuse to obey or when they ‘pretend to attack’ the handler. The cats will perform this routine with any handler to whom they have been leased or purchased for the season.
  • Intimidation and abuse of animals in circuses ranges from daily subjugation – shouting, screaming, banging cage bars, whipping – escalating to kicks, punches, up to a full-blown beating with iron bars, broom handles, pitchforks, or whatever is at hand.
  • When moving lions and tigers for example, workers bang the bars of cages and cage tunnels with iron bars and scream, to get the cats to move quickly. Audiences do not realize that when a group of large cats come running into the ring, as if full of enthusiasm, it is because someone is standing behind the curtain with an iron bar in their hand (ADI observations). We have previously filmed a full-grown lioness urinating in fear when screamed at.
  • For most of their time, animals are being cared for by untrained minimum-wage workers who are under pressure to move the animals fast and do not understand the species they are dealing with; this alone can lead to violence.

The Scientific Evidence on Suffering

Other than ADI’s evidence, there has been little first-hand data on the treatment of animals in traveling circuses and its effects on them. We have therefore reviewed the scientific literature on animals during transport, in confinement and in captivity for other industries, such as zoos, farming and laboratories. We have discussed the biological indicators of stress, as well as the behavioral and psychological effects of captivity and confinement in a range of species. This research is summarized in section 4 of this report.

The frustration caused to animals by extreme confinement in traveling circuses – living in a tiny cage where they can barely move around, or constantly chained to the ground – restricts their ability to perform their natural behaviors.

The scientific evidence is clear – if an animal has no control over its environment, and cannot move about to exercise its body and mind, this causes it to start to perform repetitive, abnormal behaviors which animal behaviorists call ‘stereotypical’ or ‘displacement’ behaviors – these behaviors are an indicator that the animal’s welfare has been compromised, and that it is suffering as a result.

The science, and our own observations, tell us that these animals experience mental as well as physical suffering in traveling circuses.

We conclude that the traveling circus is not a suitable environment for an animal. Restrictions of space, time, mobility and facilities mean that no animal will be able to behave as he or she would in his/her natural environment. Many species commonly kept in circuses have highly specialized behaviors, making it impossible to meet their needs.

Suffering in both humans and animals is not easy to prove. However, if animals behave in an unnatural manner or exhibit behaviors that cause concern, such concern is justified until proven otherwise. A civilization that considers itself humane would give potential victims the benefit of the doubt.

The Pilot Study

There are currently at least sixteen major U.S. animal circuses, some with multiple units that travel separately. We report here the results of a pilot study of nine randomly selected animal circuses in the U.S., using over 300 animals. ADI field officers studied training, performances and animal care practices, and found examples of animal abuse. This confirms that animal suffering is inherent in traveling circuses in the U.S., it is not restricted to wild or exotic species and despite popular misconceptions, domestic and farm animals suffer as well.

U.S. Law and Recommendations

In section 5 we discuss the Animal Welfare Act and the responsibilities of the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) for licensing circuses and conducting inspections. The U.S. must take responsibility for some of the suffering of animals in foreign circuses, as there is evidence that circuses in Central and South America acquire their animals from U.S. circuses and animal suppliers. We raise some issues about the limitations of the current legislation, the USDA’s inspection guidelines, enforcement, and we make recommendations for updating the Act.

Defining Animal Welfare

It is important to describe what we mean by ‘animal welfare’. ADI believes that an animal’s welfare includes its physical and mental state. Good animal welfare implies both fitness and a sense of well-being.

The scientific literature discussed in section 4 covers both wild and domestic species, including cattle, sheep, pigs and deer during transport, captivity and confinement. The behavior of a domestic animal is still highly influenced by its wild ancestry, such as herding behavior in horses and predator responses in domestic and wild herbivores. Therefore, studies on domestic species give an indication to how related exotic species may respond to certain stimuli.

The welfare of an animal can be assessed on whether it has control over its environment and can move about to exercise its body and mind. The ‘Five Freedoms’ defines good animal welfare as:

  • Freedom from hunger and thirst
  • Freedom from discomfort
  • Freedom from pain, injury or disease
  • Freedom to express normal behavior
  • Freedom from fear and distress

According to Webster, “The welfare of an animal is determined by its capacity to avoid suffering and sustain fitness” 2,3. The Concise Oxford Dictionary 3a describes suffering, “to undergo or experience pain or loss or damage or disablement” and includes mental as well as physical suffering.

Therefore fitness for an animal includes mental and physical fitness. So welfare is not just about ‘doing things’ to make animals feel better and keep fit, such as feeding them well and inoculating them against disease; it’s about giving animals some control over their environment 1,2,3. That control allows them to avoid pain and mental suffering and to maintain a degree of fitness compatible with self-preservation.

Measuring welfare is complex, but the scientific literature references a number of potential welfare indicators. For example, physiological indicators of reduced welfare can be an elevated heart rate or elevated cortisol level. A behavioral indicator of reduced welfare can be the occurrence of stereotypical behavior 4.

A stereotypy is a repeated, relatively invariate sequence of movements, which has no obvious function 4. Stereotypies are indicators of long-term coping problems. They have been described in battery-caged hens and in pigs 5, circus tigers 6, horses 7, autistic children and prisoners8, and many other species on farms and in zoos, laboratories and other captive situations. Abnormal behaviors like stereotypies do not arise in the wild.

Broom and Johnson: “In natural conditions, animals are constantly stimulated by changes in their physical and social environments. Where animals are brought under closer environmental control, on farms, in zoos, or in people’s homes as pets, the levels of some of the components of stimulation are reduced, while others are increased” 4. Animals have specific expectations of the consequences of different activities. If these fail to materialize, the animals cannot activate their own array of controlling procedures 4. Some animals respond to a lack of stimulation and a lack of control over their environment with apathy, others with stereotypies or increased aggression 4.

Both a lack of stimulation and a lack of environmental control are inherent in circus life. Stereotypies are particularly evident in captive wild species but are also seen in domestic animals, such as farm animals and horses.

Broom and Johnson: “…in most cases we do not know whether a stereotypy is helping the individual to cope with the conditions, has helped in the past but is no longer doing so, or has never helped and has always been a behavioral pathology. But in all cases the stereotypy indicates that the individual has some difficulty in coping with the conditions, so it is an indicator of poor welfare” 4.

Another aspect to consider in the response of animals to transport, captivity and confinement is stress, or “stimulation beyond the capacity for complete adaptation” 4. When an animal’s coping mechanisms are taxed beyond endurance and break down, the result is stress and distress.

Living in such confined conditions in the circus, it is little wonder that many animals in circuses go out of their minds; we call it ‘circus madness.’ ADI field officers have witnessed and recorded large numbers of animals exhibiting such disturbed behavior, including pacing up and down, weaving from side to side, head-bobbing and running in place.

Read this report in conjunction with the DVD Stop Circus Suffering (2008), which includes some of the disturbing video footage collected during the course of the pilot investigation. The video is available from ADI (http://www.ad-international.org) or can be viewed online at http://www.youtube.com/animaldefenders.

Read the Executive Summary of the Report.

1 Introduction
2 The Traveling Environment
3 Pilot Study: Animals in Traveling Circuses in the U.S.
4 The Scientific Evidence
5 The Animal Welfare Act
6 Recommendations for Action
7 Appendix: Public Opinion
8 References

33 lions in need

Meet the families

The Huarral family: Leo, Coco, Chino, Rolex, Muñeca, Africa, Kiara

During a difficult seizure ADI was forced to take only Leo, a stately patriarch, and his three rambunctious sons Coco, Chino and Rolex from a circus in Huarral. ADI caught up with the same circus again several months later, and was able to rescue lionesses Muneca, Africa and Kiara (as well as two capuchin monkeys).

The Ayacucho brothers: Rey and Simba

The ADI team was surrounded by an angry mob as we seized Rey and Simba from a circus. It took a 19-hour journey over the Andes through rain, sleet and snow to get them to the ADI rescue center. The brothers took the long journey in their stride, snuggling up together on a deep bed of hay for comfort. The two remain extremely close and often take naps with a paw draped over the other’s shoulder.

The Cusco family: Rey, Kiara, Scarc, Mahla, Amazonas, Smith 

A family torn apart, at first the circus would only give Amazonas, Kiara and Rey into ADI’s care. The most difficult seizure during Operation Spirit of Freedom was complicated by high altitude (Cusco is located more than 10,000 feet above sea level) and the circus’ resistance to surrendering the three youngest lions. It took near tragedy and negative global media attention to turn things around.  In an incredibly irresponsible act, the circus invited a local school teacher into the ring to take part in a performance by Smith. Distressed from being separated from his companion Amazonas, Smith pounced on the teacher, dragging her round like a ragdoll. Caught on film, the images raced around the world. Thankfully, the teacher was not seriously harmed in the attack however angry members of the public called for Smith to be killed. ADI sprung into action and successfully fought to save him – the circus additionally agreed to surrender the two cubs, Scarc and Mahla. With the support of armed riot police and SWAT teams ADI moved in, taking Smith, the cubs and Pepe the spider monkey into our care. After crying for her babies for days following their separation, mum Kiara was overjoyed to be reunited with them.

Huachipa Kala

Kala had been placed with Huachipa Zoo as a young cub, after being confiscated from a circus in a cruelty case. She then lost part of her tail in an attack by a cage mate. Extremely frightened and aggressive when ADI collected her, Kala growled and snarled all the way to the rescue center!  We later discovered that she is a daughter of Rey and Kiara of the Cusco pride. Kala will be joining one of the family groups once she gets to Africa.

The Arequipa family: Rapunzel and David

After weeks of hiding out in the jungle, the circus with the last illegal lions in its possession was finally tracked down. It was too late to save father of the pride Muneco, who had died from a parasite, but the circus owner agreed to give up siblings Rapunzel and David and promised ADI that his circus would remain animal free.

The Huancayo boys: King, Junior and Ricardo

King and Junior were extremely aggressive when ADI first met them. These two boys were placed with Huancayo Zoo after being confiscated from a circus. Since being in our care, King and Junior have become much calmer around people and live happily together, playing in their enclosure and napping in the afternoons.

One-eyed Ricardo had been confiscated from a circus and temporarily placed in Huancayo Zoo; as with the others in this situation, a permanent home could not be found. ADI had a real scare when he was removed from the zoo, along with King and Junior (also taken from a circus). The zoo had anaesthetized the three boys but Ricardo suffered an extreme adverse drug reaction, with repeated seizures over several hours. Thanks to the expertise and determination of the ADI team, Ricardo survived his ordeal – a huge relief when he woke up and walked around! Thanks to improved nutrition, proper care and exercise this old boy has regained his lively spirit and is now seeking a friend to share his forever home.

The Lima boys: Liso, José and Joseph

Best buddies José and Liso were collected by ADI from Lima Zoo, where they had been placed after being confiscated from a circus. At first, the two boys were fearful and incredibly aggressive, hurling themselves at anyone who walked nearby.  With loving care from the ADI team, this inseparable duo can now let their true, gentle natures show.

Elderly and almost blind, Joseph had been confiscated from a circus and placed in Lima Zoo, where he was collected by ADI along with Jose and Liso. Only known in the zoo as ‘Blind’, Joseph was immediately given a name and is a lovely old boy who has clearly been through the wars and is looking to find friendship under the African sun.

The Bucaramanga pride: Barbie, Bollilo, Bumba, Junior, Easy, Shakira, Iron, Ojiclaro and Zeus

Our lovely lion family from Bucaramanga, Colombia are the first animals in their country to be freed from a life in the circus after a nationwide ban on wild animal acts was passed. The law-abiding circus owner immediately surrendered the nine lions to the regional wildlife authority (CDMB) and ADI then assumed responsibility for their care at the CDMB rescue center. This group is fondly known as the ‘Colombian Nine’ and they will be airlifted to Peru to join the Spirit of Freedom flight to Africa.

Find out more about our 33 lions here!

adi besuchen

 

www.stopcircussuffering.org

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PR ADI <PR@ad-international.org>

 
 
 
Feb 26 at 12:36 PM